Monsoon Rains In Aravali Biodiversity Park
Rewilding of a Barren Land in a Gurugram City; Making of the Aravali Biodiversity Park
If you are coming from New Delhi to the NCR city of Gurugram ( earlier Gurgaon) via Delhi Metro and somewhere between Arjangarh Metro station and Guru Dhronacharya Metro station lies a land which has returned to the wild. There used to be an old mining site where the Aravalli Biodiversity Park is located. Led by small of group concerned citizens started an initiative to re-wild this barren landscape. Spread over an area of about 380 acre site Aravalia Biodiversity Park is now can be described as newest forest.
This used to be mining for quartzite rocks and “badarpur” & it was a barren area with almost zero vegetation. The only green this place had was vilaiti kikar (Prosopis juliflora). It is not a native tree of India, but after been introduced here. The problem with Vilaiti Kikar is that it spreads like a wild fire, after removing them the seed and sampling of native tree were planted. A forest was born. The sourcing the seeds was also a big challenge and Manger Forest near Gurugram and Sariska National Park give the clues of the what kind of tree are suitable for this habitat.
Status of this forest is nothing but a miracle, but this miracle is not out of danger as it is not a protected forest. With first monsoon rains the place dresses in a beautiful green cover. The undergrowth is already looks like how a untouched forest should be.
The park is now home to about 195 species of birds, many of them migrate into Delhi NCR Region in winter month. 2019, rare visitor to the park were Himalayas Vultures and Hair-crested Drongo. Apart from birds, there about 300 species of plants and many of them re-introduced to this area. The wildlife species that have this as their home are Palm Civet, Neelgai (Blue Bull), Neelgai, Jackal, Porcupine, Hare, various snakes and lizards are thriving in the Park. The place is a refuge for spiders, ants, beetles, bugs, butterflies and many more.
There are some amazing nature walks where one can jog, walk or simply sit and witness the greatest nature spectre that happens every day the Sunrise. There park has has many mini eco-systems like woodlands, grassland etc. This helps to have a bio diversity in the park.